Ratnadurg was built during the reign of Bahamanis. In 1670 Shivaji Maharaj won this fort from Adilshah. In 1790 Dhondu Bhaskar Pratinidhi reconstructed this fort in 1790.
This region of Konkan has been ruled by many different kingdoms from the Mauryas to Shilaharas and Chalukyas to Kadambas and finally by the British. In 1948 the independent princely state of Sawantwadi was merged with the Indian union and in 1956 with Bombay Province.
In 1960 with the creation of Maharashtra, Ratnagiri became a district. In 1981 Ratnagiri district was bifurcated and the new district of Sindhudurg was created.
Panhalekaji is a group of 28 - 29 exquisite rock-cut cave temples, rich with sculptures and artefacts is about 40 kms from Dapoli. These Buddhist temples from 3rd century AD are believed to be amongst the oldest and is definitely worth a visit.
Ratnagiri has produced some very illustrious personalities. The first Bharat Ratna laurette Maharshi Karve is from Dapoli. A photo museum in his honour is maintained in Harnai, Dapoli. Father of our constitution Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Dr was also from Dapoli. Lokmanya Tilak was from Ratnagiri itself and his house has been converted into a museum. Ratnagiri has also produced some great educationists and reformers like Wrangler Paranjpe and Veer Savarkar.
Personalities from Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri district has nine tahsils - Mandangad, Dapoli, Khed, Chiplun, Guhagar, Sangameshwar, Ratnagiri, Lanja and Rajapur. From tourism perspective Ratnagiri Guhagar and Dapoli are the most prominent amongst these tehsils. Apart from the beaches there are many prominent temples, historic forts and archaeological sites in Ratnagiri.